Usda Home Eligibility Map Usda direct loan eligibility Grants and Loans | USDA – Beginning Farmers and Ranchers. USDA, through the Farm Service Agency, provides direct and guaranteed loans to beginning farmers and ranchers who are unable to obtain financing from commercial credit sources. Each fiscal year, the Agency targets a portion of its direct and guaranteed farm ownership (FO) and operating loan (OL) funds to beginning farmers and ranchers.